Birds of Gardens and Orchards

Common Name Scientific Name Look For These Markings Size
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Glossy black 19"
American Robin Turdus migratorius Reddish brown breast; slate back; dark head 10"
American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea Gray head crowned with rufous; gray throat and breast; dark spot on chest; rufous at sides of breast; notched tail 6 1/4"
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula Orange, Black head & wings; black tail marked with yellow 7 1/2"
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica White tail spots; blue-black above; cinnamon-buff below; dark throat; swallow-tailed 6-7 3/4"
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythrophthalmus Uniform brown above, gray below; long broad tail 11 3/4"
Black-capped Chickadee Parus atricapillus Black crown and throat; gray back 5 1/4"
Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata Blue above; black collar bars on wings and tail 11 1/2"
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major Large grackle with long tail; golden eyes 14 1/2-16 1/2"
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Bright reddish brown above; spotted breast 11 1/2"
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater Male glossy greenish black with brown head; female dull gray 7 3/4"
Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla Brown belly; black crown and stripe through eye; gray back 4 1/4"
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Black cap and bib; white cheeks; no white edgings on wing coverts 4 3/4"
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Brownish gray; crested; yellow tip to tail; black thourgh eye 7"
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Blackish with long curved wings; batlike 5-5 1/2"
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina Bright chestnut crown; white eyebrow; black line extending from bill through eye to ear; gray cheek and nape; two white wing bars 5 1/2"
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Male has purple head and greenish back; female is more brownish gray 12"
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis Slate head, breast and back; white below and outer tail feathers 6 1/4"
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis Blue above; brownish breast 7"
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus White band across tail tip; concealed red crown; white throat and belly 8"
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Gray-brown; black bill; whitish belly 6 1/2-7"
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens Gray-brown; two narrow white wing bars; similar to Eastern Phoebe 6-6 1/2"
Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus Longer tail than American Crow; head and bill smaller 15 1/2"
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Brown rump and tail; gray back; streaked above & below 7 1/4"
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Dark gray with black cap; undertail coverts chestnut; long black tail 8 1/2"
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Cinnamon wings and tail, gray breast; yellow belly 8-9"
House Wren Troglodytes aedon Brown above with tail & wings barred; dull grayish below 4 3/4"
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus Bold white eye ring; whitish throat; grayish breast; pale yellow belly; large headed 5 1/4"
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Brown; pointed tail with large white spots 12"
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Barred brown back; spotted underparts; black crescent bib; white rump 12 1/2"
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos White wing patch conspicuous in flight; gray; white outer tail feathers 9-11"
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius Brown body; black head, wings and tail 7 1/2"
Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus Purplish-red, streaked with darker; dark wings and tail 6 1/4"
Purple Martin Progne subis Male is dark, purplish-blue, glossy; female gray below 8"
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis Broad black line through eye with white line above; underparts washed rusty 4 1/2"
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris Ruby throat, metallic green back 3 1/2"
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Brown above, streaks & stripes on back & face; white breast heavily streaked with a dark spot 6-7"
Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Blackish forehead; gray upperparts; light gray underparts; crest 6 1/2"
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Brown shoulder; streaked above; white outer tail feathers 6"
White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Black crown; gray back; climbs down trees 6"
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Grayish breast; crown striped with black and white; pink bill 6 1/2-7 1/2"
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis White throat; gray breast; crown striped black and white 6 3/4"
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina Redish on head; large and numerous blackish round spots on chest; smaller than Robin 8"
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Brown back; white breast; rufous in wings; large white spots at tip of black tail feather; slightly curved bill 11-13"
(1) Nearly all Warblers, especially at blossom time among the shrubbery and fruit trees
(2) Woodpeckers are in and around gardens and orchards

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